Welcome   Sponsored By
Subscribe | Register | Advertise | Newsletter | About us | Contact us

Image: Revista Puerto

Why is bottom trawling by foreign vessels at Mile 201 illegal?

Click on the flag for more information about Argentina ARGENTINA
Tuesday, January 31, 2023, 03:30 (GMT + 9)

Illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing (IUU or IUU fishing) is a practice that generates great concern in states and society, since it threatens the conservation of ocean biodiversity and causes great damage, generating the loss of social and economic opportunities, affecting food security and even leading to the collapse of fisheries.
In a recent newspaper article, which tries to shed light on the concepts of illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing in the area adjacent to our Exclusive Economic Zone, called mile 201, it is rightly indicated that not all IUU fishing is illegal , since the term incorporates two other notions and activities that are conceptually and legally very different, but that, nevertheless, illegal fishing practices always fall under the category of IUU. Coinciding with what was expressed by Dr. Ariel Mansi regarding the genesis and application of this concept, we believe that illegal fishing should be distinguished and given a differential treatment with respect to those practices classified as unreported and/or unregulated fishing.
Regardless of the ratification or not of the Agreement on Straddling and Highly Migratory Fish (New York-1995) or the Agreement on Port State Measures (AMERP-2009), the truth is that from Argentina's perspective as a coastal state, conduct Fishing is considered illegal when it violates UNCLOS, which was ratified and approved for national legislation by Law 24,593 in October 1995, or local laws and regulations within our Exclusive Economic Zone (ZEE).
Said international Convention establishes, in its article 77 that "The coastal State exercises sovereign rights over the continental shelf for the purposes of its exploration and exploitation of its natural resources." These rights "are exclusive in the sense that, if the coastal State does not explore the continental shelf or exploit its natural resources, no one may undertake these activities without the express consent of said State" and "are independent of its actual occupation or fictitious, as well as any express statement”.
Additionally, it clarifies that the natural resources mentioned are, in addition to minerals and other non-living resources, "living organisms belonging to sedentary species, that is, those that during the period of exploitation are immobile on the sea bed or in its subsoil or only They can move in constant physical contact with the bed or subsoil.
Given the recognition of the UN Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf (CLPC) in March 2016, of the new outer limits of the Argentine Continental Shelf, it is very clear that the sessile benthic resources present in the sectors in which they operate today various fishing fleets (inside and outside the Exclusive Economic Zone) belong to our country. However, given that trawling (and, although to a lesser extent, also that which operates with bottom longlines) violates different living resources attached to or in contact with the seabed, then it is violating resources owned by the Argentine state.
Since the fishing activity in the area adjacent to the ZEE (on the continental shelf) has been regulated by our country since 2004 (Resolution CFP 8/04), through the essential requirement of granting a deep sea fishing license. to operate in said area, then whoever does not have the enabling license and carries out bottom trawling or longline fishing activities is carrying out illegal fishing practices.
For these reasons, bottom trawling and longline fishing by foreign vessels that occurs in waters adjacent to the ZEE of Argentina is not only unregulated fishing, as indicated in the aforementioned newspaper article, but also illegal. The illegality of the fishing activity does not only occur when it operates within the EEZ of a country in contravention of its laws and regulations, but also in the extension of its territory, such as the submarine continental shelf that exceeds 200 nautical miles, when they violate the sessile or sedentary living resources that inhabit it.
Therefore, in the areas of the continental shelf recognized by the UN as belonging to our country, adjacent to our EEZ, only the application of UNCLOS and national laws and regulations is required to regulate (even to the extreme) to prohibit) bottom trawling or longline fishing operations by foreign vessels that do not hold deep-sea fishing permits.
Nor is the establishment of a Marine Protected Area (AMP) required to achieve this effect, as has been proposed through the creation of the "Blue Hole" AMP. This bill, which has received partial approval from the Chamber of Deputies, contemplates as the only conservation category the creation of a Strict National Marine Reserve of exclusively benthic scope, therefore, in relation to fishing, it is limited to prohibiting bottom trawling and other extractive activities that have contact with the seabed, while fishing in the water column is permitted.
MPA "Agujero Azul" area
In order to regulate trawling in the adjacent area, it is only necessary to know the national and international laws and regulations applicable in the matter and to possess the firm political will to protect our natural wealth from the predatory action carried out by foreign fleets. It must not be tolerated that IUU fishing affects ecosystems or our fishing grounds in the way that it does. Therefore, it would be very useful, based on the mandate of UNCLOS and the Federal Fisheries Law - 24,922 - (Articles 4, 5 and 22), to carry out the necessary actions or bilateral agreements to limit the fishing activity that takes place in the area, in such a way that the overexploitation of the resources that today characterizes said sector of our platform does not occur. It is not enough to surprise us and show us outraged year after year by the enormous number of foreign ships that come to the area to fill their holds. On the contrary, we must take measures within the framework of current laws to correct these practices, because it is unacceptable to risk the sustainability of the valuable and scarce resources that the sea offers us, negatively affecting the economy and harming Argentine society in its set.

Otto C. Wöhler. Dr. in Biological Sciences. Former Scientific Director of INIDEP. Specialist in evaluation and management of fisheries.
Roberto Garcia Moritan. Ambassador. Expert in geopolitical issues. Author of a large number of opinion articles in various journalistic media.

Authors: Otto Wöhler and Roberto García Moritán / Revista Puerto (translated from original in spanish)


Click to know how to advertise in FIS
Sep 29, 07:40 (GMT + 9):
Pacífic Northeast squid price index: Japanese Common Squid (Todarodes pacificus)
United States
Sep 29, 07:00 (GMT + 9):
U.S. Department of Commerce Invests USD734,000 to Support the Aquaculture Industry in Newport, North Carolina
Sep 29, 07:00 (GMT + 9):
Aquaconnect bets on national expansion, forays into West Bengal and Uttar Pradesh
Viet Nam
Sep 29, 07:00 (GMT + 9):
Aquaculture: Vietnam - Belgium cooperation
Sep 29, 07:00 (GMT + 9):
Sustainable Seafood Startups Are The Catch Of The Day
Sep 29, 07:00 (GMT + 9):
Herring, shrimp and tuna: quota increases and zone changes
United Kingdom
Sep 29, 07:00 (GMT + 9):
Anticipating obsolescence: The next step to enhancing the sustainability of aquaculture (salmon-mussels)
Sep 29, 07:00 (GMT + 9):
China's squid and cuttlefish imports increased by more than 50% in the first eight months, but exports declined
Sep 29, 01:00 (GMT + 9):
Production companies join together to address the potential feralization of salmon in aquatic environments
European Union
Sep 28, 07:00 (GMT + 9):
Tackling marine litter through circular innovation
United States
Sep 28, 07:00 (GMT + 9):
Report: China Holds the Key to Fixing Illegal Fishing in West Africa
Sep 28, 07:00 (GMT + 9):
Russia mulls suspension of seafood imports from Japan
Russian Federation
Sep 28, 07:00 (GMT + 9):
Review of the fishing situation
Viet Nam
Sep 28, 07:00 (GMT + 9):
URGENT: Food Safety Control Program to export to the EU
Sep 28, 07:00 (GMT + 9):
Pemalang Vannamei Shrimp Farmers Equipped with Digital Sensors

CAPECAL organized a discussion on the current panorama of Giant Squid in Peru
Peru In order to have full knowledge of the reality of Giant Squid, the Peruvian Chamber of Giant Squid (CAPECAL) recently organized the discussion: “The Pending Agenda for the Consolidation of the S...
Europêche calls for a level playing field at EU-China Blue Forum
European Union The Chinese Ministry of natural resources and the European Commission organised last Saturday in Shenzhen (China) the second Ocean Forum under the EU-China Blue Partnership for the Oceans. The goal: t...
Germany ranked 2nd in importing Vietnamese pangasius in the EU
Viet Nam According to statistics from Vietnam Customs, accumulated in the first 8 months of 2023, pangasius exports to Germany reached 23 million USD, up 19% over the same period last year, accounting for 2%. ...
Solomon Islands joins China in blasting Japan over Fukushima water release
United States Prime Minister Manasseh Sogavare called on Japan to find other options and warned of effects on his South Pacific archipelago Beijing earlier accused Tokyo of treating the ocean as a ‘sewer&rsq...

Maruha Nichiro Corporation
Nichirei Corporation - Headquarters
Pesquera El Golfo S.A.
Ventisqueros - Productos del Mar Ventisqueros S.A
Wärtsilä Corporation - Wartsila Group Headquarters
ITOCHU Corporation - Headquarters
BAADER - Nordischer Maschinenbau Rud. Baader GmbH+Co.KG (Head Office)
Inmarsat plc - Global Headquarters
Marks & Spencer
Tesco PLC (Supermarket) - Headquarters
Sea Harvest Corporation (PTY) Ltd. - Group Headquarters
I&J - Irvin & Johnson Holding Company (Pty) Ltd.
AquaChile S.A. - Group Headquarters
Pesquera San Jose S.A.
Nutreco N.V. - Head Office
CNFC China National Fisheries Corporation - Group Headquarters
W. van der Zwan & Zn. B.V.
SMMI - Sunderland Marine Mutual Insurance Co., Ltd. - Headquarters
Icicle Seafoods, Inc
Starkist Seafood Co. - Headquearters
Trident Seafoods Corp.
American Seafoods Group LLC - Head Office
Marel - Group Headquarters
SalMar ASA - Group Headquarters
Sajo Industries Co., Ltd
Hansung Enterprise Co.,Ltd.
BIM - Irish Sea Fisheries Board (An Bord Iascaigh Mhara)
CEFAS - Centre for Environment, Fisheries & Aquaculture Science
COPEINCA ASA - Corporacion Pesquera Inca S.A.C.
Chun Cheng Fishery Enterprise Pte Ltd.
VASEP - Vietnam Association of Seafood Exporters & Producers
Gomes da Costa
Furuno Electric Co., Ltd. (Headquarters)
NISSUI - Nippon Suisan Kaisha, Ltd. - Group Headquarters
FAO - Food and Agriculture Organization - Fisheries and Aquaculture Department (Headquarter)
Hagoromo Foods Co., Ltd.
Koden Electronics Co., Ltd. (Headquarters)
A.P. Møller - Maersk A/S - Headquarters
BVQI - Bureau Veritas Quality International (Head Office)
UPS - United Parcel Service, Inc. - Headquarters
Brim ehf (formerly HB Grandi Ltd) - Headquarters
Hamburg Süd Group - (Headquearters)
Armadora Pereira S.A. - Grupo Pereira Headquarters
Costa Meeresspezialitäten GmbH & Co. KG
NOAA - National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (Headquarters)
Mowi ASA (formerly Marine Harvest ASA) - Headquarters
Marubeni Europe Plc -UK-
Findus Ltd
Icom Inc. (Headquarter)
WWF Centroamerica
Oceana Group Limited
The David and Lucile Packard Foundation
Ajinomoto Co., Inc. - Headquarters
Friosur S.A. - Headquarters
Cargill, Incorporated - Global Headquarters
Benihana Inc.
Leardini Pescados Ltda
CJ Corporation  - Group Headquarters
Greenpeace International - The Netherlands | Headquarters
David Suzuki Foundation
Fisheries and Oceans Canada -Communications Branch-
Mitsui & Co.,Ltd - Headquarters
NOREBO Group (former Ocean Trawlers Group)
Natori Co., Ltd.
Carrefour Supermarket - Headquarters
FedEx Corporation - Headquarters
Cooke Inc. - Group Headquarters
AKBM - Aker BioMarine ASA
Seafood Choices Alliance -Headquarter-
Austevoll Seafood ASA
Walmart | Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. (Supermarket) - Headquarters
New Japan Radio Co.Ltd (JRC) -Head Office-
Gulfstream JSC
Marine Stewardship Council - MSC Worldwide Headquarters
Royal Dutch Shell plc (Headquarter)
Genki Sushi Co.,Ltd -Headquarter-
Iceland Pelagic ehf
AXA Assistance Argentina S.A.
Caterpillar Inc. - Headquarters
Tiger Brands Limited
National Geographic Society
AmazonFresh, LLC - AmazonFresh

Copyright 1995 - 2023 Seafood Media Group Ltd.| All Rights Reserved.   DISCLAIMER