Most of the waters belonging to Argentina, according to its National Constitution, are disputed territories. There is also no organization that regula
Towards a new national fishing model
Wednesday, September 20, 2023, 15:00 (GMT + 9)
More currencies; increased value added; greatest generation of registered employment; comprehensive exploitation of the southwest Atlantic; biological sustainability and a “sustainable fishing economic unit” is what a new national fishing plan should provide. And this is possible, in an activity that has not been able to leave the extractive model of the seventies.
Giving the current fishing policy a model entity would be an exaggeration. It would be overvaluing the repeated inability to carry out sustainable economic, biological and social administration. A few days after ending their administration, the Authorities have not had a fishing strategy, limiting themselves to granting permits and reformulations. It is not possible to give a model identity to an administration that ignored the rules of biology; facilitated the increase in fishing effort; no progress was made in reducing discards and predation of the resource and eliminating species substitution; It did not carry out adequate capture and landing controls and did not carry out a management tactic for the main resources, even ignoring the scientific reports from INIDEP.
Nothing was done to eradicate or reduce illegal fishing of migratory resources originating in the Exclusive Economic Zone and it was not sanctioned despite the validity of laws 24,922; 26,386 and 27,564 to foreign vessels that fish for Argentine resources in the Malvinas and those originating from the Exclusive Economic Zone on the high seas, with the tremendous economic, social and strategic loss for Argentina that this entails.
However, a resource cannot be managed without taking biology into account. Its distribution and use has been equally deplorable. Nor was it possible to properly agree on the exploitation of this migratory resource with the Provinces, causing, in some cases, predation, but also repeated discomfort among the national and provincial concessionaires.
It is poorly managed when it is overexploited, but also when the resource is not distributed properly and is not rationally used to the maximum sustainable extent; Likewise, when added value is not promoted or when the interrelationship of species is ignored, in the Exclusive Economic Zone, but also on the high seas when it comes to migratory or associated species.
Due to lack of adequate incentives, Argentine fishing on the high seas has not been promoted and is left at the mercy of subsidized foreign fleets with slave labor, which travel great distances from their ports of origin to appropriate our migratory resources, competing with Argentine products in identical markets; but also, hindering Patagonian development and preying on the same ecosystem. This picture is completed with the inaction on the part of those responsible for the area in the face of this clandestine foreign fishing, with inoperable, insufficient ports, without adequate technology; the lack of adequate financing for the long-term renewal of the fishing fleet and the importation of vessels built at low rates and subsidized; the lack of a strategy regarding the resources that migrate to the Malvinas and, by the way, neither are proposals or economic incentives carried out that address the differences between the types of catches, processes and species or, comparative advantages are not taken into account. that foreign vessels have when extracting the resource from the Southwest Atlantic or entering their raw materials into destination markets. This is not only a question of sovereignty, but also of commercial competition and profitability, when it is not Argentina that sets the prices in the international market.
All actors in the sector must do their work focusing on the generation of foreign exchange, the substantial increase in added value, the increase in the registered employed workforce and the sustainable exploitation of species; privileging the industry based on the Argentine continent and the necessary agreements and investments in this sector should be promoted and, whatever the means used for fishing extraction, the Argentine presence in the Exclusive Economic Zone and on migratory and associated species on the high seas it should be a priority; together with the exploitation of strategic species, to promote the sustainable and sustainable capture of all resources; strengthening naval and maritime security forces, to discourage illegal extraction in the Argentine sea (including the Malvinas area) and beyond 200 miles.
The crisis warrants that the managers of these repeated stages do not hinder the true change that is required and that the next government, together with companies and labor forces, participatively, make industrial fishing become one of the prototypes of national development. Let us remember Louis Pasteur (1862): “Nothing is produced by spontaneous generation.”